Adjectives – Order

Order of Adjectives

Bagaimana Anda dapat membedakan kalimat di bawah ini, mana yang lebih tepat?

  • Perempuan tua yang gemuk, atau
  • Perempuan tua yang gemuk

(Perhatikan urutan Kata Sifat di bawah)

Maka untuk pertanyaan di atas, jawabannya adalah:

· Perempuan tua yang gemuk = fat old lady

· Perempuan gemuk yang tua = old fat lady

2

3

12

Fat

Old

Lady

Benar

3

2

12

Old

Fat

Lady

Salah

1. Opinion (Pendapat)

good, pretty, right, wrong, funny, light, happy, sad, full, soft, hard etc.

Contoh:

  • He was a silly boy.
2. Size (Ukuran)

big, small, little, long, tall, short, same as, etc.

Contoh:

  • The big man ran to me.
3. Age (Usia)

Contoh:

  • “He was an old man.” or “She was an old woman.”
4. Shape (Bentuk)

round, circular, triangular, rectangular, square, oval, etc.

Contoh:

  • “It was a square box.” or “They were square boxes.”
5. Color (Warna)

blue, red, green, brown, yellow, black, white, etc.

Contoh:

  • “The blue bag.” or “The blue bags”.
6. Origin (asal)

Contoh:

  • “It was a German flag.” or “They were German flags.”
7. Material (Bahan)
  • “It was a cotton cushion.” orThey were cotton cushions.”
8. Distance

long, short, far, around, start, high, low, etc.

Contoh:

  • “She went for a long walk.” or “She went for lots of long walks.”
9. Temperature (Suhu)

cold, warm, hot, cool, etc.

Contoh:

  • “It day was hot.” or “They days were hot.”
10. Time (Waktu)

late, early, bed, nap, dinner, lunch, day, morning, night, etc.

Contoh:

  • “She had an early start.”
11. Purpose (Tujuan)

Contoh:

  • She gave them sleeping bags.
  • I bought you a tennis racket.

Catatan:

Ketika kita memakai lebih dari 1 kata sifat, kata sifatnya dapat dipisahkan dengan and atau , (koma).

Contoh:

  • “Her hair was long and blonde.” Atau “She had long, blonde hair.”

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