Pronouns

Pronouns adalah kata yang menggantikan posisi kata benda.

Jenis-jenis Pronouns

1. Personal Pronouns

Personal Pronouns adalah kata ganti orang

  • Saya = I (subjek) = me (objek)
  • Kami, Kita = We (subjek) = us (objek)
  • Kamu, kalian = You (subjek) = you (objek)
  • Mereka = They (subjek) = them (objek)
  • Dia (lk) = He (subjek) = him (objek)
  • Dia (pr) = She (subjek) = her (objek)
  • Dia (hewan/benda) = It (subjek) = it (objek)

Contoh:

  • Susie calls Alex on the phone = She calls him on the phone
  • Susie and Julie are waiting for you = They are waiting for you
  • Susie and I have been there for an hour = We have been there for an hour

2. Possessive Pronouns

Possessive Pronouns adalah kata ganti kepunyaan

Subject

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Pronouns

I

My

Mine

You

Your

Yours

They

Their

Theirs

We

Our

Ours

He

His

His

She

Her

Hers

It

its


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contoh:

  • There are two books on the table. The red one is mine and the black one is yours

3. Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns adalah Kata ganti yan subjek dan predikatnya sama, atau subjek mengerjakan pekerjaan tanpa bantuan orang lain.

Subject

Possessive Adjectives

Reflexive Pronouns

I

My

Myself

You

Your

Yourself,

Yourselves

They

Their

Themselves

We

Our

Ourselves

He

His

Himself

She

Her

Herself

It

its

Itself

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contoh:

  • Anne cleaned the room herself. (=Di dalam ruangan itu ada orang lain dan Anne membersihkan ruangan itu tanpa bantuan orang lain)
  • Mary cleaned the room by herself. (=Tidak ada orang lain di dalam ruangan itu, dan Mary membersihkan ruangan itu sendirian)

4. Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns adalah Kata ganti penghubung

Subject

Object

Possessive

Orang

Who

Whom

Whose

Benda/

Hewan

Which, that

Which, that

Of which

Contoh:

  • The man is my uncle. He cut my hair yesterday. (The man who cut my hair yesterday is my uncle)
  • The man is my uncle. I spoke to him. (The man whom I spoke to is my uncle)
  • ·The man is my uncle. His wife works at a bank. (The man whose wife works at a bank is my uncle).

5. Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns adalah kata ganti penunjuk

Kata ganti yang dipakai:

  • This, that, these, those, such, one, ones

Contoh:

  • That is my mattress on the bunk bed. (That = Pronouns)
  • That mattress is on the bunk bed. (That = Adjectives)

Keterangan:

“That” pada kalimat kedua adalah Adjectives, bukan Pronouns. Kata ganti diatas juga akan dijumpai pada “Demonstrative Adjectives”. Perbedaannya terletak pada ada tidaknya kata benda yang berada di belakang kata-kata penunjuk diatas.

6. Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative Pronouns adalah kata ganti Tanya.

Kata ganti yang digunakan:

  • Who, Whom, whose, what, dll

Contoh:

  • Which is your book? (Pronouns)
  • Which book is yours? (Adjectives)

Keterangan:

“Which” pada kalimat diatas sama dengan pembahasan pada demonstrative pronouns. Oleh karena itu, hati-hati dalam penggunaannya.

7. Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns adalah kata ganti tak tentu

Kata-kata yang digunakan adalah:

  • Another, anobody, much, some, dll.

Contoh:

  • All work is not dull, some is pleasant (pronouns)
  • I have some books on the table. (Adjectives)

Keterangan:

Perhatikan kedua kalimat diatas, sama pembahasannya dengan kedua hal diatas.

8. Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal Pronouns adalah kata ganti timbale balik

Kata-kata yang digunakan adalah:

  • Each other = untuk 2 orang
  • One another = untuk lebih dari 2 orang

Contoh:

  • Henry and Harry are speaking each other
  • All children love one another

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