Conditional

First Conditional: real possibility

Kita berbicara mengenai masa depan. Kita membicarakan tentang suatu keadaan tertentu di masa yang akan datang dan beserta hasilnya akibat dari suatu keadaan tersebut. Ada kemungkinan kalau keadaan tersebut bisa terjadi. Contoh: pada pagi hari Anda ada di rumah dan kamu berencana akan bermain badminton sore harinya. Namun karena mendung, apa yang akan kamu lakukan?

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

present simple

WILL + base verb

If

it rains

I will stay at home.

Perhatikan bahwa kita sedang membicarakan tentang masa depan. Sekarang memang belum hujan. Kita gunakan masa sekarang untuk berandai-andai di masa yang akan datang. Maka kita gunakan rumus di atas yang paling penting pada conditional tipe ini adalah Ada kemungkinan kalau pengandaian kita bisa terjadi di masa yang akan datang. Contoh:

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

present simple

WILL + base verb

If

I see Mary

I will tell her.

If

Henry is free tomorrow

he will invite her.

If

they do not pass their exam

their teacher will be sad.

If

it rains tomorrow

will you stay at home?

If

it rains tomorrow

what will you do?

 

Hasil

IF

Kondisi

WILL + base verb

 

present simple

I will tell Anne

if

I see her.

He will invite Anne

if

she is free tomorrow.

Their teacher will be sad

if

they do not pass their exam.

Will you stay at home

if

it rains tomorrow?

What will you do

if

it rains tomorrow?

Second Conditional: unreal possibility or dream

Second conditional ini sama dengan tipe I di atas. Namun kemungkinan untuk terjadinya lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan pengandaian di atas. Artinya peluang untuk terjadi itu, kecil. contoh:

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

past simple

WOULD + base verb

If

I won the lottery

I would buy a car.

Contoh:

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

past simple

WOULD + base verb

If

I married Anne

I would be happy.

If

Alex became rich

she would marry him.

If

it snowed next July

would you be surprised?

If

it snowed next July

what would you do?

 

Hasil

IF

Kondisi

WOULD + base verb

 

past simple

I would be happy

if

I married Anne.

She would marry Ram

if

he became rich.

Would you be surprised

if

it snowed next July?

What would you do

if

it snowed next July?

Third Conditional: no possibility

Pada conditional Tipe III ini kemungkinan untuk terjadi Nihil. Ini hanya sebagai ungkapan rasa penyesalan di masa yang lampau.

 IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

Past Perfect

WOULD HAVE + Past Participle

If

I had won the lottery

I would have bought a car.

contoh:

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

past perfect

WOULD HAVE + past participle

If

I had seen Anne

I would have told her.

If

Anne had been free yesterday

I would have invited her.

If

they had not passed their exam

their teacher would have been sad.

If

it had rained yesterday

would you have stayed at home?

If

it had rained yesterday

what would you have done?

 

Hasil

IF

Kondisi

WOULD HAVE + past participle

 

past perfect

I would have told Anne

if

I had seen her.

I would have invited Anne

if

she had been free yesterday.

Their teacher would have been sad

if

they had not passed their exam.

Would you have stayed at home

if

it had rained yesterday?

What would you have done

if

it had rained yesterday?

Zero Conditional: certainty

Zero conditional menceritakan bahwa kepastian untuk terjadinya suatu keadaan adalah 100%. Contoh:

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

present simple

present simple

If

you heat ice

it melts.

Contoh lainnya:

IF

Kondisi

Hasil

 

present simple

present simple

If

I miss the 8 o’clock bus

I am late for work.

If

I am late for work

my boss gets angry.

If

people don’t eat

they get hungry.

If

you heat ice

does it melt?

 

Hasil

IF

Kondisi

present simple

 

present simple

I am late for work

if

I miss the 8 o’clock bus.

My boss gets angry

if

I am late for work.

People get hungry

if

they don’t eat.

Does ice melt

if

you heat it?

Conditionals: Kesimpulan

Berikut ini table kemungkinan yang akan terjadi bila melihat suatu pengandaian.

Persentase akan terjadi

conditional

Contoh

Waktu

100%

 

zero conditional

If you heat ice, it melts.

any time

50%

 

first conditional

If it rains, I will stay at home.

future

10%

 

second conditional

If I won the lottery, I would buy a car.

future

0%

 

third conditional

If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car.

past

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

%d blogger menyukai ini: