Gerunds

Gerunds adalah kata kerja yang berfungsi sebagai kata benda. Contoh:

  • Fishing is fun.

a. Gerunds sebagai Subject, Object atau Complement

  • Smoking costs a lot of money.
  • I don’t like writing.
  • My favorite occupation is reading.
  • Smoking cigarettes costs a lot of money.
  • I don’t like writing letters.
  • My favorite occupation is reading detective stories.

b. Gerunds setelah Prepositions (kata depan)

  • I will call you after arriving at the office.
  • Please have a drink before leaving.
  • I am looking forward to meeting you.
  • Do you object to working late?
  • Tara always dreams about going on holiday.

c. Gerunds setelah Kata kerja Tertentu

  • I dislike eating.

Berikut ini daftar kata kerja yang diikuti oleh bentuk gerunds

admit, appreciate, avoid, carry on, consider, defer, delay, deny, detest, dislike, endure, enjoy, escape, excuse, face, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, can’t help, imagine, involve, leave off, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, put off, report, resent, risk, can’t stand, suggest, understand

Contoh:

  • She is considering having a holiday.
  • Do you feel like going out?
  • I can’t help falling in love with you.
  • I can’t stand not seeing you.

Gerunds dalam kalimat Pasif

Kita sering menggunakan gerund setelah kata kerja need, require dan want.

  • I have three shirts that need washing. (need to be washed=perlu dicuci)
  • This letter requires signing. (needs to be signed=perlu ditandatangani)
  • The house wants repainting. (needs to be repainted=perlu dicat ulang)
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