Inversions

Dalam Bahasa Inggris, suatu kalimat subjek dan kata kerjanya dapat dibalik untuk tujuan tertentu. Pembalikan tersebut disebut dengan Inversion, sepertinya dalam:

  1. Kalimat Pertanyaan
  2. Kalimat Negatif
  3. Frasa Kata Depan yang menerangkan tempat
  4. Kalimat Conditionals
  5. Kalimat Elipsis

1.      Pertanyaan

  • He is a doctor. Is he a doctor? (inversion langsung)
  • He ate an apple. Did he eat an apple? (inversion dengan do)

2.      Negatif

  • He is a doctor. Not only is he a doctor, (but) he is also a millionaire.
  • He ate an apple. Not only did he eat an apple, (but) he also ate an orange.

3.      Frasa kata depan yang menerangkan tempat (Diperlukan)

  • On the table is a book. On the table (there) is a book.

Frasa kata depan dibutuhkan disini, karena tanpanya, kalimat ini tidak akan lengkap (…is a book…bukan kalimat lengkap dan tidak dapat dipahami sampai disitu). Jadi Inversion dibutuhkan.

  • At the restaurant, the food was too spicy.

(pada kalimat di atas, inversion tidak dibutuhkan), sebab tanpa frasa kata depan pun, kalimat … the food was too spicy …sudah dapat dipahami dengan baik.

4.      Kalimat Conditionals

  • If you had listened to me, you wouldn’t have lost your job (=had you listened to me, you…)
  • If I were you, I wouldn’t do that. (=were I you, …)

5.      Kalimat Elipsis

  • Henry will not go to the theater and so won’t her.
  • You are so busy and so are they.

Catatan:

Bila suatu kalimat diawali dengan kata-kata/frasa berikut ini, maka susunan subjek dan kata kerjanya boleh dibalik.

  • Never, hardly, scarcely, seldom, dll sejenis (ekspresi negatif).
  • Few, such, so, little, great
  • Only, not only

Contoh:

  • I had never been asked to do the job. (= Never had I been asked to do the job)
  • This letter must not be opened on any account. (= On any account must this letter not be opened)
  • The coffee is so hot that I can’t drink it. (= So hot is the coffee that I can’t drink it)
  • She is not only beautiful, but she is also intelligent. (= Not only is she beautiful, but she is also intelligent)

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