Modals

Semua auxiliary verbs “kecuali be, do dan have” disebut modals. Tidak seperti auxiliary verbs lainnya, modals juga berfungsi sebagai kata kerja Bantu dan tidak dapat berdiri sendiri.

odal

Contoh

Penggunaan

Can

  1. They can control their own budgets.
  2. Can I smoke here?
  3. Can you help me?
  1. Kemampuan / Kemungkinan
  2. Minta Izin
  3. Permintaan

Could

  1. Could I borrow your dictionary?
  2. Could you say it again more slowly?
  3. We could try to fix it ourselves.
  4. I think we could have another Gulf War.
  5. He gave up his old job so he could work for us.
  1. Minta Izin
  2. Permintaan
  3. Saran
  4. Kemungkinan
  5. Kemampuan

May

  1. May I have another cup of coffee?
  2. China may become a major economic power.
  1. Minta Izin
  2. Kemungkinan

Might

  1. They might give us a 10% discount.
  1. Kemungkinan

Must

  1. We must say good-bye now.
  2. They mustn’t disrupt the work more than necessary.
  1. Keharusan
  2. Larangan

Ought to

  1. We ought to employ a professional writer.
  1. Menyarankan

Shall

(jarang dipakai di Amerika)

  1. Shall I help you with your luggage?
  2. Shall we say 2.30 then?
  3. Shall I do that or will you?
  1. Menawarkan
  2. Menyarankan
  3. Meminta

Should

  1. We should sort out this problem at once.
  2. I think we should check everything again.
  3. Profits should increase next year.
  1. Menyarankan
  2. Merekomendasikan
  3. Prediksi tak tentu

Will

  1. I can’t see any taxis so I’ll walk.
  2. I’ll do that for you if you like.
  3. I’ll get back to you first thing on Monday.
  4. Profits will increase next year.
  1. Keputusan spontan
  2. Menawarkan
  3. Janji
  4. Prediksi tak tentu

Would

  1. Would you mind if I brought a colleague with me?
  2. Would you pass the salt please?
  3. Would you mind waiting a moment?
  4. “Would three o’clock suit you?” – “That’d be fine.”
  5. Would you like to play golf this Friday?
  6. “Would you prefer tea or coffee?” – “I’d like tea please.”
  1. Minta Izin
  2. Permintaan
  3. Permintaan
  4. Mengatur
  5. Mengundang
  6. Merujuk

Modal auxiliary verbs selalu diikuti oleh bentuk kata kerja pertama.

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