Gerunds or Infinitives


go on


1. Come:
Come + gerund berarti si subjek kalimat itu sedang melakukan sesuatu ketika bergerak:

  • She came running across the field.

Come + to-infinitive berarti sesuatu terjadi atau berkembang, barangkali diluar kendali si subjek kalimat:

  • At first I thought he was crazy, but I’ve come to appreciate his sense of humour.
  • How did you come to be outside the wrong house?
  • This word has come to mean something quite different.
Forget, regret dan remember:
Jika ketiga kata kerja di atas diikuti oleh gerund, berarti menjelaskan kejadian yang terjadi sebelumnya:

  • I remember locking the door (= I remember now, I locked the door earlier)
  • He regretted speaking so rudely. (= he regretted at some time in the past, he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past.)

Forget biasanya dirangkaikan dengan ‘never’dalam bentuk sederhana:

  • I’ll never forget meeting the Queen.

Ketika kata kerja diatas diikuti oleh to-infinitive, berarti mengacu kepada suatu kejadian yang sedang terjadi pada waktu yang sama atau setelahnya:

  • I remembered to lock the door (= I thought about it, then I did it.)
  • Don’t forget to buy some eggs! (= Please think about it and then do it.)
  • We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from Paddington. (= We feel sorry before we tell you this bad news.)
Go on:
Go on + gerund berarti melanjutkan apa yang sedang dikerjakan:

  • He went on speaking for two hours.
  • I can’t go on working like this – I’m exhausted.

Go on + to-infinitive melanjutkan dengan mengerjakan pekerjaan lainnya, yang biasanya tahapan dari sebuah proses:

  • After introducing her proposal, she went on to explain the benefits for the company.
  • John Smith worked in local government for five years, then went on to become a Member of Parliament.
Mean + gerund berarti apa akibat dari suatu tindakan:

  • If you take that job in London it will mean travelling for two hours every day.
  • We could take the ferry to France, but that will mean spending a night in a hotel.

Mean + to-infinitiveBerarti berencana:

  • Did you mean to dial this number?
  • I mean to finish this job by the end of the week!
  • Sorry – I didn’t mean to hurt you.
Stop + gerund berarti berhenti mengerjakan suatu tindakan secara total:

  • I stopped working for them because the wages were so low.
    Stop tickling me!

Stop + to-infinitive berarti berhenti sebentar untuk melakukan pekerjaan lainnya.

  • I stopped to have lunch. (= I was working, or travelling, and I interrupted what I was doing in order to eat.)
  • It’s difficult to concentrate on what you are doing if you have to stop to answer the phone every five minutes.
Try + gerund berarti bereksperimen atau coba-coba.

  • If you have problems sleeping, you could try doing some yoga before you go to bed, or you could try drinking some warm milk.
  • ‘I can’t get in touch with Carl.’ ‘Have you tried e-mailing him?’

Try + to-infinitive berarti berusaha untuk melakukan sesuatu yang bisa saja tidak mungkin untuk dilakukan

  • The surgeons tried to save his life but he died on the operating table.
  • We’ll try to phone at 6 o’clock, but it might be hard to find a public telephone.
  • Elephants and mice have to try to live together in harmony.

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